Research Integrity

Science is based on trust. Without confidence in the integrity of their peers, scientists would lack a foundation on which to build new work. The scientific community must also meet the expectations of stakeholders outside its community (e.g. funding agencies, the general public, regulatory agencies, etc.) of the most stringent standards of integrity.

Ospedale San Raffaele values the honesty and integrity of its research community in accordance with its mission of conducting innovative fundamental and clinical research. OSR is committed to ensuring the quality, trustworthiness and reproducibility of the research conducted by its investigators by upholding high standards of integrity. OSR also works to foster an environment in which the responsible conduct of research is explicitly discussed and encouraged.

Responsible conduct of research (RCR) at Ospedale San Raffaele is defined by the core principles of research integrity as outlined in the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity:

Reliability in ensuring the quality of research, reflected in the design, the methodology, the analysis and the use of resources.
Honesty in developing, undertaking, reviewing, reporting and communicating research in a transparent, fair, full and unbiased way.
Respect for colleagues, research participants, society, ecosystems, cultural heritage and the environment.
Accountability for the research from idea to publication, for its management and organisation, for training, supervision and mentoring, and for its wider impacts.

These principles apply to all aspects of scientific endeavour, including: the research environment; training, supervision and mentoring; research procedures; research data management; collaborative work; publication and dissemination; reviewing, evaluating and editing.

The failure to abide by such principles and thus to follow good research practices violates professional responsibilities. It damages the research processes, degrades relationships among researchers, undermines public and funder trust in and the credibility of research, wastes resources and may expose research subjects, users, society or the environment to unnecessary harm.


Research misconduct

Research misconduct is a breach of Ospedale San Raffaele standards and of those expected from its funders and sponsors, a betrayal of the trust placed in Ospedale San Raffaele by the public, and the failure to comply with the high expectations of the scholarly community for research integrity and accurate and experimentally-supported communication. In essence, any activity that seriously violates the core principles of research integrity is considered to be reseach misconduct.

The Ospedale San Raffaele Research Integrity Office commits to vigorously investigating, and if warranted pursuing any credible allegation of research misconduct, while also protecting its community from unsubstantiated allegations of research misconduct.



For all research funded by the US Public Health Service (USPHS), Ospedale San Raffaele complies with the US Federal regulations 42 CFR Parts 50 and 93 on Public Health Service policies on research misconduct, and has enacted a policy on dealing with allegations of research misconduct involving USPHS funds. For all research funded by the USPHS and funding agencies adopting USPHS regulations on financial conflicts of interest, Ospedale San Raffaele complies with the requirements of the USPHS Financial Conflicts of Interest (FCOI) regulations (42 C.F.R. Part 50, Subpart F and 45 C.F.R. Part 94, as revised on August 2011) and has enacted an appropriate financial conflict of interest policy.


Research integrity office

The Ospedale San Raffaele Research Integrity Office upholds the principles of RCR by fostering a culture of honesty through research integrity training and education programmes and provision of clear and applicable regulations governing RCR, to ensure the credibility and trustworthiness of the research conducted by our research community.